基于需求的经济援助包括大多数助学金, many loans and part-time student employment through Federal Work Study. 根据需要提供经济援助, the Cost of Attendance and the family's ability to pay educational expenses are the most important factors.
The Cost of Attendance includes the average expenses a student will incur for tuition and 费用, 食宿, 书籍和用品, 交通和必要的个人和杂项物品. 出席费用可能有所不同, depending on a number of factors such as full or part-time enrollment, housing accommodations and the school in which a student enrolls.
Expected Family Contribution (EFC) is an objective measure of the amount of educational assistance that is expected to be provided by the family. 这一公式每年由美国政府制定.S. Department of Education and takes into account factors such as total income, 已缴纳的联邦税, family size and the number of family members in college at the same time. This assessment is made after a student completes a Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). Once a student completes a FAFSA, the results are calculated by the processor for the U.S. Department of Education and sent to colleges and other agencies selected by the student.
为了有资格获得基于需求的经济援助, a student must demonstrate financial need according to the following formula:
student cost of attendance (COA) minus expected family contribution (EFC)= financial need.
The COA is determined by the 金融援助 Office and includes tuition, 费用, 书籍和用品, 食宿, 运输, 还有个人开支，比如洗衣和娱乐. EFC是根据联邦公式计算的.
Your dependency status determines whose information you must report on the 联邦学生援助免费申请表(FAFSA®).
If you’re a dependent student, you will report your and your parents’ information.
如果你是一个独立的学生, 您将报告您自己的信息(和, 如果你结婚了, 你的配偶的).
The federal student aid programs are based on the concept that it is primarily your and your family’s responsibility to pay for your education. 一个独立的学生被认为有父母的支持, so the parents’ information has to be assessed along with the student’s, in order to get a full picture of the family’s financial strength. 如果你是一个依赖他人的学生, it doesn’t mean your parents are required to pay anything toward your education; this is just a way of looking at everyone in a consistent manner.
Your answers to questions on the FAFSA® form determine whether you are considered a dependent or independent student. The questions change a little from one year’s application to the next year’s; for instance, 2021-22年FAFSA表格询问你是否在1月1日之前出生. 1, 1998, while the 2022–23 FAFSA form will ask whether you were born before Jan. 1, 1999. 以下是决定你的依赖状态的问题，
All applicants for federal student aid are considered either “independent” or “dependent.”
If you answer YES to ANY of these questions, then you may be an independent student. You may not be required to provide parental information on your 联邦学生援助免费申请表(FAFSA®).
如果你对这些问题的回答都是“不”, then you may be considered a dependent student and may be required to provide your parents’ financial information when completing the FAFSA form.
- 到1月你会满24岁吗. 1 of the school year for which you are applying for financial aid? 例如, if you plan to start school in August 2021 for the 2021–22 school year, 到1月你就24岁了吗. 1, 2021 (i.e.你是在简之前出生的吗. 1, 1998)?
- Will you be working toward a master’s or doctorate degree (such as M.A.， mba, m.D., J.D., Ph.D., Ed.D.等.)?
- Do you have children who receive more than half of their support from you?
- Do you have dependents (other than children or a spouse) who live with you and receive more than half of their support from you?
- 你目前是否在美国服现役.S. 用于训练以外目的的武装力量?
- 你是美国老兵吗.S. 武装部队?
- 从你13岁开始, 你父母都去世了吗, 你在寄养家庭吗, 或者你是法庭的监护人或家属?
- Are you an emancipated minor or are you in a legal guardianship as determined by a court?
- Are you an unaccompanied youth who is homeless or self-supporting and at risk of being homeless?
*如果你对以上任何一个问题的回答都不是“是”, you’re still considered a dependent student for purposes of applying for federal student aid even if you don’t live with your parents, 你的父母没有在纳税申报表上申报吗, 或者支付自己的账单和教育费用.
Eligibility for need-based awards is determined based on financial and other family information submitted by you. This information is used to calculate an Expected Family Contribution (EFC) on your FAFSA. 申请和接受基于需求的援助, you agree to provide any additional financial and other pertinent information to document your eligibility to this office if requested by an authorized University official. The University reserves the right to request and review this additional information, 如果有必要, to reduce or cancel awards made based on updated or corrected financial and other information. You are responsible for the accuracy of all data submitted on your FAFSA, your 匹兹堡大学凤凰彩票平台APP下载分校 验证 Worksheet, copies of Federal Tax Return Transcript and other relevant documents. 可能需要的其他文件如下:
- An official IRS Tax Return Transcript(s) for your parents, if they filed.
- A complete, signed copy of the 匹兹堡大学凤凰彩票平台APP下载分校 验证 Worksheet.
如果凤凰彩票官网办公室没有收到这些文件, 你将在接受经济援助方面遇到延误. 如果发现不一致或错误, we will make corrections to that information before your financial aid application is processed and funds are disbursed to you. Please be aware that the above listed items are not the only items you may be asked for if we need clarification or to resolve conflicting information.